Goguryeo gave us a magnificent wall paintings in the burial chambers of stone, discovered in South Manchuria – in Tango where to 427 G. was the capital, as well as the frescoes of a later period near Pyongyang.
The painting was applied on the primer or straw with clay or directly on the granite surface of the walls. First applied the black outline, then the drawing surface was painted. The paints contained lead oxide and the adhesive. The black outline was worked again. Close to Tongo in “the Mound with 3 cameras” are clearly visible frescoes of the early period (fourth — first half of V century).
In the passage on the walls depicted a scene of a siege and a wooden pavilion with the couple — the owners of this tomb. In suitable places it is possible to see the architectural elements of ceremonial buildings. In the first chamber can easily see the image of the procession and hunting heroes. In the second chamber (main) on the surface of the walls painted four figures of mythical animals, which play the role of guardians: East blue dragon, West – white tiger, North – the snake entwined with a black turtle and in the South – the red bird.
All the ledges well Continue reading
Japan, Culture of Japan, cities of Japan, geography and nature of Japan, economy and politics of Japan
Japan is an island country located in the northwestern part of the Pacific ocean. It is located on four large Islands – the island. Honshu, the island. Hokkaido island. Shikoku and the island. Kyushu, and also on many surrounding small Islands (about 3 thousand). The total area of the Islands of Japan – about 370 thousand sq. km. The climate of Japan is generally humid, the sea, but in the North, it is temperate, and in the South, subtropical and tropical – monsoon, the summers are quite hot across the country, but the humidity is very high and frequent typhoons.
Government Japan is a Constitutional monarchy, head of state, nominally, is the Emperor (Mikado), however, in Japan, as in some European countries, the title “Emperor” is a symbol of nationhood and unity of the nation. The legislature in Japan, represented by a bicameral Parliament consisting of two chambers – the House of councillors and House of representatives. The Prime Minister is elected by Parliament and approved by the Emperor.
The Islands of modern Japan were settled around the 8th Millennium BC and the early formation of the state and the political unification of the country occurred in the Yamato period ( 300-700 ad), and the capital is located on the Yamato plain, Continue reading
PA Tea, Bitchy or PA Chai Vue ( Vwj Paj Cai . Puas Cai Vue . Batchai ) — the leader of the Hmong during the uprising against the French authorities in French Indochina from 1918 to 1921, which was called the uprising of the insane. He is revered as a national hero of the Hmong in French literature, he acquired the reputation of a madman.
1. The political situation
The first World War seriously disrupted the French economy, which affected the colonies. In 1918, the French imposed excessive taxes on the local population, trying to make the colony more profitable. Those who could not pay his taxes with silver or opium, were forced even to sell their children; the colonial authorities began to use forced labor.
PA Tea was an orphan, he grew up in the province of Lao Cai in the family of his uncle Cao Chu Vue (Xauv Tswb Vwj). From childhood he was a born leader. He often showed a spectacular show — for example, jumping onto the roof of the house and blew a cotton ball. The Hmong began to attribute to him supernatural powers. He got married, he had a son. He showed great social activity. He stated that he communicates with God, who will protect the Hmong, will make them rich and healthy, and will free them from Thai and French. He taught the Hmong the letter. His followers worshipped him like the Messiah.
He managed Continue reading