The culture of Japan was the result of a historical process that began with the migration of the ancestors of the Japanese people on the Japanese archipelago from the continent and the emergence of the culture of the Jomon period. Modern Japanese culture was strongly influenced by Asian countries (especially China and Korea), Europe and North America.One of the features of Japanese culture is its long development in the period of complete isolation of the country (policy sakoku) all the rest of the world during the rule of the Tokugawa Shogunate that lasted until the mid XΙX century — the beginning of the Meiji period.On the culture and the mentality of the Japanese was influenced by an isolated territorial situation of the country, geographical and climatic features, as well as specific natural disasters (frequent earthquakes and typhoons), which resulted in a kind of Japanese attitude to nature as a living creature. The ability to admire the immediate beauty of nature as a feature of national character of Japanese, found expression in many art forms of Japan.
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Cultural history of Japan The Jomon (10 thousand years BC — 300 BC) — first examples of ceramics, jewelry and female figurines Continue reading
The artistic heritage of the modern Korean art is primarily paintings on scrolls “of Joseon-Hwa” that existed for centuries. On scrolls depicting landscapes, flowers and birds; created the scrolls and the philosophical theme “man and nature”; to the end of the 18th century domestic paintings (painter Kim Hong-Do).
Oil painting penetrated into Korea relatively recently — in the 30-ies of our century — and developed only after the formation of the Korean people’s Democratic Republic. The creation of a democratic state in North Korea brought to life and many other arts that didn’t exist previously, — a sculpture, a political cartoon, a propaganda poster.
Painting “of Joseon-Hwa” is preserved in its finest classical forms (Lee Seok-Ho, “Sunflower”, 1957; Chen Jung-E — “Village may”, coloured ink, 1958) and at the same time, as in China, goes beyond genres. Works such as “Rest in the fields of the cooperative” To Kim Bitch (1957), “Rich harvest” If the Phal Chan (1958), “Dance”, Kim Yong Jun (1957), talk about the joys of free labor, the wisdom and spiritual beauty of the peasants, the originality and the exciting rhythms of folk dances. An important motif in the artist’s traditional style is a transition from abstract landscapes to the Scripture of nature from nature (The Ladies of Saint Continue reading