Prepared by a team of Russian and Mongolian scientists the monograph introduces the reader to a unique representative of the world fauna – wild Bactrian camel (Hautacam), living in the desert regions of Central Asia. He is listed in the international Red list of IUCN, where identified as being in critical danger (Critically Endangered), and also in Appendix I of CITES.
This monograph summarizes the preliminary result of long-term studies of wild camels, conducted by scientists from different countries, starting with N. M. Przhevalsky. Based on existing literature and results of own field studies in the deserts of Mongolia, the authors made a successful attempt systematic presentation of the accumulated world science materials.
The book consists of three chapters, whose subject-matter made in its subtitle. Giving in the introduction a brief overview of the history Continue reading
In Turkey the relations between the sexes have prints of Muslim traditions. Although by law women and men are equal, Turkish women in the society still occupy a secondary position. Women in Turkey are obliged to be faithful wives and caring mothers. To go to work is permitted only if the husband agree.
So far in the provinces you can meet up with polygamy. One husband in some villages may be about six spouse. In such a family the house is divided into two halves: male and female. While each wife should have their own room. The husband is obliged to give gifts and to pay attention equally to each spouse. Any woman can keep his farm, which is a kind of independence.
To go to the mosque decided to close the legs to the knees and no shoes. Women are expected to cover the head. During prayers to mosques are not supposed to not distract the faithful.
The Turks pay great attention to Muslim rituals and ceremonies. Every boy in years 7-12 is held the rite of circumcision, while his parents are preparing for this like for a great holiday. After passing the rite the boy becomes a full member of the community of Muslims.
The Turks from the age of 15 should observe the fast of Ramadan, in the days which you cannot drink, eat, and smell something Continue reading
Goguryeo gave us a magnificent wall paintings in the burial chambers of stone, discovered in South Manchuria – in Tango where to 427 G. was the capital, as well as the frescoes of a later period near Pyongyang.
The painting was applied on the primer or straw with clay or directly on the granite surface of the walls. First applied the black outline, then the drawing surface was painted. The paints contained lead oxide and the adhesive. The black outline was worked again. Close to Tongo in “the Mound with 3 cameras” are clearly visible frescoes of the early period (fourth — first half of V century).
In the passage on the walls depicted a scene of a siege and a wooden pavilion with the couple — the owners of this tomb. In suitable places it is possible to see the architectural elements of ceremonial buildings. In the first chamber can easily see the image of the procession and hunting heroes. In the second chamber (main) on the surface of the walls painted four figures of mythical animals, which play the role of guardians: East blue dragon, West – white tiger, North – the snake entwined with a black turtle and in the South – the red bird.
All the ledges well Continue reading