The History of art. The Art Of Korea
The artistic heritage of the modern Korean art is primarily paintings on scrolls “of Joseon-Hwa” that existed for centuries. On scrolls depicting landscapes, flowers and birds; created the scrolls and the philosophical theme “man and nature”; to the end of the 18th century domestic paintings (painter Kim Hong-Do).
Oil painting penetrated into Korea relatively recently — in the 30-ies of our century — and developed only after the formation of the Korean people’s Democratic Republic. The creation of a democratic state in North Korea brought to life and many other arts that didn’t exist previously, — a sculpture, a political cartoon, a propaganda poster.
Painting “of Joseon-Hwa” is preserved in its finest classical forms (Lee Seok-Ho, “Sunflower”, 1957; Chen Jung-E — “Village may”, coloured ink, 1958) and at the same time, as in China, goes beyond genres. Works such as “Rest in the fields of the cooperative” To Kim Bitch (1957), “Rich harvest” If the Phal Chan (1958), “Dance”, Kim Yong Jun (1957), talk about the joys of free labor, the wisdom and spiritual beauty of the peasants, the originality and the exciting rhythms of folk dances. An important motif in the artist’s traditional style is a transition from abstract landscapes to the Scripture of nature from nature (The Ladies of Saint — “Morning at the gate Tetapan”, 1958; Kim Yong Joon — “Sinjska Blizzard”, 1958).
Currently it is difficult to judge, whether there is “Choson-Hwa,” a leading art form in the new Korea, but, anyway, there are much more important than in China, have acquired an oil painting.
Korean painters in a short time has created a large amount of informative important paintings by modern and historical-revolutionary themes. Among the other countries of the East Korean art stands out for its military qualities, political instincts, understanding of the actual tasks. Artists tend to tell people, recently enslaved and illiterate, about the conquests of the Republic achieved in the long struggle, the pathos of construction and the enthusiasm of creation, affecting the country today.
Something valuable that I had learned Korean painters of the lessons of European art, is primarily concerned with plot. More difficult is the question of defining their creative style. Even a very short path that passed Korean art, and the lack of sufficient experience has the effect of realistic imitation of European and especially Soviet art.
All this leads to some adelicate of contemporary art Korea, the dulling of his national traits. But among the works of oil is doubtless good luck, such as the oldest painting artist, fine master “of Joseon-Hwa”, The Lady Saint “Son back” (1956) about the joy the peasant mother, who found her son returning to peace work after demobilization. Saint The Ladies, using the national methods of painting, builds a picture, as if visible from a high point of view. Skillfully and gently applied the traditional division on plans: village street away, running headlong boys written and beautifully Sunny, spring landscape.
Korean painting is in the making and search, its summit is still ahead. Much more original Korean masters perform in the field of graphics, using the experience of old color prints and enriching it with modern techniques (PE UN Saint “visit”, “Game”, 1957; ham, Zhang Yong — “the Island of However”, 1957, a series of etchings).