Your opinion: Features of development of the countries of Africa, Asia and Latin America in the first half of the 20th century
he countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America — the way of development in the 20th century
Most of the countries of Asia and Africa in the early 20th century continued to exist in the status of colonies of industrial States. Metropolis, in spite of the capitalist era, continued to exploit colonial lands classic feudal methods: the forced removal of precious metals, the establishment of a system of slave trade, high real and monetary taxation.
It was at this period began active opposition to liberation movements in colonial countries. The main object was the expulsion of monopolists and changes in existing barbarous predatory orders. Participants in anti-colonial movements were the most vulnerable farmers, workers and clerics.
Local elite collaborated with the authorities of the monopolies and not to feel too much infringement of rights and freedoms. Members of the anti-colonial movements were in no hurry to join the liberation war, because he knew that in the face of the enemy have a powerful state with a strong army and technical base, which he did not possess the countries of Asia and Africa.
Liberation from the power of the metropoles came with the unexpected side in Europe was unleashed by the First World war, which led to the fall of the most powerful empires.
After the Second world war Asia and Africa had entered a period of significant economic and cultural growth. The population of these regions first became acquainted with drugs, that previously to give the colonial territories to the metropolis not considered necessary.
Significantly modernized industry, opened primary schools, through which eradicated the illiteracy of the population. However, to support the European path of development of these States to the end are unable.
The development of Latin America
In comparison with the countries of Asia and Africa, Latin America had a more serious prerequisites for economic and technological development. Absolutely all the countries of Latin America freed itself from the grip of colonial powers in the 19th century and in the same period gained independence.
The first half of the 20th century was marked by industrial growth was built new factories and plants, intensively developed agriculture, created new tracks (the total length of Railways of Chile several times exceeded the length of the Chinese waterways).
Latin America has become a world leader in the export of plant and animal production. Before the Second World war, the region enjoyed logistical support from the US and European States.
But, despite the apparent growth of the economy, development of Latin America was overshadowed by the power of dictatorial regimes, which have existed in the region in fact, until the late 20th century. In many countries in the 30-ies was established a military totalitarian dictatorship.
After the fall of the Third Reich, Latin America became a haven for German and Italian fascists. Socio political stability were undermined by regular military coups state, in which some tyrants replaced others. Liberal democratic government in Latin America was established only in 1991.