JAPAN: unusual customs, traditions, rules of conduct
Japanese society is built on the basis of a rigid hierarchy: senior – Junior, boss – employee, parents – children. Therefore, respect for elders, leadership is infinite. Therefore, the Japanese never leave work before your boss. On the other hand, the Japanese are a very cohesive nation. Note that the Japanese tourists all over the world go in groups, not looking up from his. In difficult times, every resident of the Country of the rising sun considers it his duty to help the Motherland. That’s why after the earthquake and the disaster at the Fukushima nuclear power plant on a day to clean all the town came out: and the citizens, and the priests, and the police.
Rules of conduct
In Japanese society it is customary to bow to each other when meeting, in gratitude, apologies, expressions of sympathy, the goodbye. Any self-respecting Japanese person, even if he is the President of a large company, will bow in greeting. The difference in the bows between the supervisor and subordinates will be only in the degree of inclination of the body. Uvajaemie than the person, the lower bow. This is not unusual among Europeans in the handshake. Of course, you can not answer the greeting with a bow. But by doing so you can offend the interlocutor. Educated the Japanese will not show it, but to reach an understanding with him will be difficult.
In addition, the Japanese all foreigners are called gaijin. If before it the word contained a pejorative sense, to whom it was applied, now it just means “foreigner” and doesn’t include anything offensive.
Not taken you long to look you in the eye and in General a long time to watch someone. This causes suspicion among the Japanese. Although, the same might not like any other person.
It’s considered impolite to speak loudly in public places, to blow his nose and sniffed. And wearing medical masks on the street – is quite a common phenomenon, showing that the ill person is trying hard not to infect the disease to others. The expression of feelings in public places is frowned upon. Even hold hands considered shameful.
In Japanese homes, meeting halls, offices of the honorary seats are considered to be the farthest from the door. Guests normally put on these places. Guest from modesty to refuse if it considers that the company has and more honorable people.
In traditional Japanese homes, in hotels, in many offices it is customary to take your shoes off and wear Slippers specially prepared for guests. Some Slippers must be worn when going to the toilet. If the dwelling is a Japanese Mat (tatami), in no event it is impossible to step in any Shoe, even sneakers.
How to eat and drink
Separate the traditions and customs of different meals. Many people know that the Japanese drink food special chopsticks – Hashi. Liquid food is that are impossible to eat with chopsticks, eat it with a spoon, and at home – drink over the edge of the plate. The bread is traditionally cut into small pieces so every bite you can eat at one time. It’s considered bad form to draw sticks on the table, or specify them on anything. Taken from the plates of food made to eat, and not put it back on the plate. Sushi can be eaten by hand, spearing food with chopsticks is only allowed to men and only in the family circle or in the company of close friends. In any case, do not insert chopsticks in a dish – this Japanese show extreme disrespect to each other.
The Japanese rarely invite guests to their home. In most cases, they are invited to the restaurant, cafe and other pleasure institutions. And all because the dwellings of the Japanese are often located close and far from the city.
Also in Japan it is not customary to pour oneself a drink. Usually, each person sitting at the table pours your neighbor. If the Cup is at least a little unfinished is a sign that this person to pour is no longer needed. However, sipping loudly and slurp while eating is not considered something bad. On the contrary, it is a sign of fun!