Japan, Culture of Japan, cities of Japan, geography and nature of Japan, economy and politics of Japan
Japan is an island country located in the northwestern part of the Pacific ocean. It is located on four large Islands – the island. Honshu, the island. Hokkaido island. Shikoku and the island. Kyushu, and also on many surrounding small Islands (about 3 thousand). The total area of the Islands of Japan – about 370 thousand sq. km. The climate of Japan is generally humid, the sea, but in the North, it is temperate, and in the South, subtropical and tropical – monsoon, the summers are quite hot across the country, but the humidity is very high and frequent typhoons.
Government Japan is a Constitutional monarchy, head of state, nominally, is the Emperor (Mikado), however, in Japan, as in some European countries, the title “Emperor” is a symbol of nationhood and unity of the nation. The legislature in Japan, represented by a bicameral Parliament consisting of two chambers – the House of councillors and House of representatives. The Prime Minister is elected by Parliament and approved by the Emperor.
The Islands of modern Japan were settled around the 8th Millennium BC and the early formation of the state and the political unification of the country occurred in the Yamato period ( 300-700 ad), and the capital is located on the Yamato plain, near mount Miwa. now Nara Prefecture. The formation of the state is counted from the year 600 BC.
The official language is Japanese. Also a widespread knowledge of English and Chinese. Writing is about 5000 characters (kanji) and two syllabic alphabet (hiragana and katakana) and Latin (Romaji).
The monetary unit is the yen. $ 1 is approximately 90 ¥ (however, in recent years, the rate jumps much). In Japan three export sectors – machine-building, automotive and consumer electronics. The domestic market is effectively closed to foreign goods that might compete with local, limited foreign exchange transactions. Industry, for the most part, exist through imports of raw materials. Own raw material resources are very limited.
The main religions in Japan – Northern Buddhism (Mahayana) and Shintoism. Despite the fact that most Japanese people profess these two faiths, is the religion several religions. This also leads to the mixing of different religious practices in life. No surprise weddings in the Christian Church, and funerals in a Buddhist temple.
Culture of Japan the development of Japanese society through the preservation of ancient traditions and modern technology.
Public holidays of Japan
1 January – New year
January 15 – Day of age
February 11 – national Foundation Day
March 21 – spring equinox Day
April 29 – greenery Day
May 3 – Constitution Day
May 4 – rest Day
5 may – children’s Day
20 July – marine Day
September 15 – the Day of honoring the elderly
September 21 – fall equinox
10 October – sports Day
November 3 – culture Day
November 23 – labor Day
23 December – birthday of well Emperor Akihito
Traditional food of the Japanese is rice, fish and seafood. Traditional drinks – rice water, sake (rice wine) and green tea. But modern life is making adjustments in the structure of Japanese life, it is becoming more diverse, the menu is active, you enter the meat dishes, European dishes. Due to this, in particular, is activated and the acceleration (increase of average height) from Japanese.
Favorite sports – sumo and baseball, and winter sports in the Northern regions of the country.
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