Tea culture of Korea
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The Feast of sake in Japan
This day is not a public holidays. Moreover, some inhabitants of the country do not know about it, however, those who still remember that there is such a holiday, celebrate…

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Presentation on the Culture of Japan

The culture of Japan was the result of a historical process that began with the migration of the ancestors of the Japanese people on the Japanese archipelago from the continent and the emergence of the culture of the Jomon period. Modern Japanese culture was strongly influenced by Asian countries (especially China and Korea), Europe and North America.One of the features of Japanese culture is its long development in the period of complete isolation of the country (policy sakoku) all the rest of the world during the rule of the Tokugawa Shogunate that lasted until the mid XΙX century — the beginning of the Meiji period.On the culture and the mentality of the Japanese was influenced by an isolated territorial situation of the country, geographical and climatic features, as well as specific natural disasters (frequent earthquakes and typhoons), which resulted in a kind of Japanese attitude to nature as a living creature. The ability to admire the immediate beauty of nature as a feature of national character of Japanese, found expression in many art forms of Japan.

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Cultural history of Japan The Jomon (10 thousand years BC — 300 BC) — first examples of ceramics, jewelry and female figurines to dog the Yayoi (300 BC — 300 ad) — the transition to agriculture, irrigated rice cultivation, bronze and iron bells dataquant Kofun (IV century BC — VI century BC) — dissemination of culture burial mounds, sculptures, haniwa, the origin of ancient Shinto and related cults— Asuka (593-710) — borrowing samples of Chinese culture, Taika reforms, the creation of codes of sakanouye (710-794) — penetration into the country of Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism, the creation of literary works “Kojiki”, “Nihon Seki”, “Kapuso” Heian (794-1185) — start using syllabic alphabets hiragana and katakana, the construction of Itsukushima Shrine, the creation of “Tale of Genji”, the emergence of style in painting, Yamato-e.

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Kamakura (1185-1333) — formation of the samurai class Muromachi (1333-1568) — the emergence of the theatre but Sengoku Jidai (1467-1568) — penetration in the country christianstadt-Momoyama (1568-1600) Edo (1600-1868) — the establishment of the dictatorship of the Tokugawa policy sakoku, the suppression of Christianity and the fall of the Shogunate, the rise of Kabuki and style Ukiyo-e. Meiji (1868-1912) — the end of the period of self-isolation, the beginning of capitalist development, the emergence of Japanese cinema Taisho (1912-1926) Showa (1926-1989)

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The life, the culture of the Villages have a linear layout. Traditional house — column and frame, usually in the 1-2 floors. Characterized by a sliding wall of frames, covered with wax paper or cardboard. The floor is raised on small stilts. It is almost entirely covered with mats. Tables, chairs, chairs are placed only in the living rooms. The tables are low, the Japanese usually sit on my knees on the pads. No beds, sleeping on a Mat under his head lay a pillow, and a plate. The house is certainly decorated with the original paintings, which can be a picture, a drawing or the text (proverb, quote). They are called kakemono.From popular crafts of making dolls out of wood or paper, woven baskets, vases, fans. Characterized by a peculiar species of art: the manufacture of paper shapes (origami), arranging flowers (ikebana).

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The mentality of the nation If we consider Japanese mentality in General, despite the huge influence of modern Western culture, he succeeded in taking over much of the “outside” to preserve its essence.Elusive, compromise, sensitive and reflective. Absolutely not selfish, and extremely socially-dependent. Absorbent and host, but with a hard system “astrange”.In this system of values, it is the individual exists within and for the group, not a group for the sake of the individual. While internally “I” of the individual is carefully stored and protected inside, and its imposition of the outside world is not encouraged. Encouraged maximum smoothing and search of compromises (even at the expense of uncertainty), the protrusion and the imposition of anything not approved and it is extremely difficult in this system.