Goguryeo gave us a magnificent wall paintings in the burial chambers of stone, discovered in South Manchuria – in Tango where to 427 G. was the capital, as well as the frescoes of a later period near Pyongyang.
The painting was applied on the primer or straw with clay or directly on the granite surface of the walls. First applied the black outline, then the drawing surface was painted. The paints contained lead oxide and the adhesive. The black outline was worked again. Close to Tongo in “the Mound with 3 cameras” are clearly visible frescoes of the early period (fourth — first half of V century).
In the passage on the walls depicted a scene of a siege and a wooden pavilion with the couple — the owners of this tomb. In suitable places it is possible to see the architectural elements of ceremonial buildings. In the first chamber can easily see the image of the procession and hunting heroes. In the second chamber (main) on the surface of the walls painted four figures of mythical animals, which play the role of guardians: East blue dragon, West – white tiger, North – the snake entwined with a black turtle and in the South – the red bird.
All the ledges well the ceiling is covered with images as ornaments: the Lotus flowers, characters from Chinese mythology, fantastic animals and the firmament (Moon, Sun, stars). Wall of a third chamber is decorated with the figure of Hercules, supporting the dome camera.
Located near Pyongyang’s “great tomb” with pictures of five fantastic animal guardian-genius, written with Verve and extraordinary skill, refers to the later period of the Goguryeo era (from the fifth through the seventh centuries). The frescoes of the tomb presents a colourful mural. The outlines of the murals drawn with colored inks and ink —yellow, red, green. blue. Although depicted fantastic animals, the images are truthfulness and vitality. All lines are smooth and energetic. The ledges of the ceiling is dotted with “nebojitelyami”. The flavor differs a definite taste.
Murals of Goguryeo is imbued with sincere belief in the continued life of the dead in the afterlife and reflect the desire of the representatives of the ruling classes to perpetuate themselves.
Sometimes on the frescoes depicting the whole family of the deceased, their relatives, retinue, and servants, dwelling and farm buildings — that is, all that was needed to continue a normal lifestyle in another world on the beliefs kageneckia people. As the complicated religious views, changed and motive of the figures — specifically from-home murals to paint 4 geniuses-the guardians 4 parts of light and the whole galaxy of gods.
It is believed that the murals of Goguryeo did not escape some influence of Central Asian wall paintings of the cave temples and bas-reliefs of stone Han dynasty, which were found in Luoyang (Anancy). With compressie drawings detects significant similarity with the fresco from the tomb Astana (Xinjiang province).
Goguryeo murals indicate the transition from schematic to narrative figure painting. Such an artistic evolution was embodied in the images of animals, of the Northern nomads and hunting scenes. The murals in MUENCHEN – “Barrow dancers” in Tongo indicated by the contours of the animals are “run” between the hills, drawn wavy thick lines.
This is the main reception of Chinese painting, which is the use of lines and contours.
Paintings of Goguryeo certainly become a tradition that can be traced in the art of later ages. They had a direct influence on the painting of Baekje, on the drawings of the Royal tombs of the Cortex, and wall murals of Northern Kyushu in Japan. Gorgeous samples kogarashi painting suggests that the temples and palaces of that age also abounded in works of art. History has preserved the names of two painters compressa —Cha MA Re and There Chi.
Being a priest of a Buddhist temple, There Chi moved to Japan in 610, and wrote a giant mural in the temple of Horyuji – “Danko Penson to” that which is perfect and expressive writing technique, free style, compositional harmony of the postures of the Buddhas, and rich colors. There Chi was introduced to the Japanese with the skill of making paper, paints and ink.